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Exhaled smoke is called exhaled mainstream smoke. The smoke drifting from a lit cigarette is called sidestream smoke. The combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke is called second-hand smoke SHS or environmental tobacco smoke ETS. Second-hand smoke is a serious health risk for both those who smoke and those who do not. Children are particularly at risk of serious health effects from second-hand smoke. For more information on tobacco laws in Victoria, visit the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services on tobacco reforms. Tobacco smoke inside a room tends to hang in mid-air rather than disperse.
Hot smoke rises, but tobacco smoke cools rapidly, which stops its upward climb. Since the smoke is heavier than the air, the smoke starts to descend. A person who smokes heavily indoors creates a low-lying smoke cloud that other householders have no choice but to breathe. Tobacco smoke contains around 7, chemicals, made up of particles and gases, over 70 of which are known to cause cancer.
Second-hand smoke has been confirmed as a cause of lung cancer in humans by several leading health authorities. Compounds such as ammonia, sulphur and formaldehyde irritate the eyes, nose, throat and lungs. These compounds are especially harmful to people with respiratory conditions such as bronchitis or asthma.
Exposure to second-hand smoke can trigger or worsen symptoms. Australian data indicates that about 10 per cent of women smoke during pregnancy.
Both smoking and passive smoking can seriously affect the developing fetus. Women who smoke are at greater risk of ectopic pregnancy. Health risks for mothers who smoke during pregnancy include increased risk of:. A non-smoking pregnant woman is more likely to give birth earlier, and to a baby with a slightly lower birth weight if she is exposed to second-hand smoke in the home — for example, if her partner smokes.
Children are especially vulnerable to the damaging effects of second-hand smoke. Some of the many health risks include:. People who have never smoked who live with people who do smoke are at increased risk of a range of tobacco-related diseases and other health risks, including:. The risks of active smoking are well known. If you are struggling to give up smoking for your own health, you might find that the health of your family or other members of your household is be a stronger motivation. There is a wealth of assistance and support for people who wish to stop smoking.
See your doctor for further information and advice, or ring the Quitline on 13 If you smoke but you are unwilling or unable to stop immediately, there are various ways to help protect the health of the people you live with. Suggestions include:. This has been produced in consultation with and approved by:. When returning to a flood-affected area, remember that wild animals, including rats, mice, snakes or spiders, may be trapped in your home, shed or garden.
When returning to your home after a flood, take precautions to reduce the possibility of injury, illness or disease. Around 75 per cent of Melbourne? Allergy occurs when the body Looking 4 a nonsmoker pool partner to a 'trigger' that is harmless to most people. Mine tailings near goldmines may contain high levels of arsenic. Content on this website is provided for information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional.
The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions and to ascertain whether the particular therapy, service, product or treatment described on the website is suitable in their circumstances.
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Home Lungs. Passive smoking. Actions for this Listen Print. Summary Read the full fact sheet. On this .
Tobacco laws in Victoria Toxic effects of passive smoking Health risks of passive smoking — pregnant women and unborn babies Health risks of passive smoking — children Health risks of passive smoking — partners who have never smoked Passive smoking — a good reason to quit Reducing the risk of passive smoking Where to get help. Toxic effects of passive smoking Tobacco smoke inside a room tends to hang in mid-air rather than disperse.
Health risks of passive smoking — pregnant women and unborn babies Australian data indicates that about 10 per cent of women smoke during pregnancy. Health risks for mothers who smoke during pregnancy include increased risk of: miscarriage and stillbirth premature birth and low birth weight sudden unexpected death in infants SUDIwhich includes sudden infant death syndrome SIDS and fatal sleep accidents complications during birth.
Health risks of passive smoking — children Children are especially vulnerable to the damaging effects of second-hand smoke. Some of the many health risks include: Passive smoking is a cause of sudden unexpected death in infants SUDIwhich includes sudden infant death syndrome SIDS and fatal sleep accidents.
who lives in a smoking household for the first 18 months of their life has an increased risk of developing a range of respiratory illnesses, including bronchitis, bronchiolitis and pneumonia. They are also more prone to getting colds, coughs and glue ear middle ear infections. Their lungs are weaker and do not grow to their full potential.
exposed to second-hand smoke in the home is more likely to develop asthma symptoms, have more asthma attacks and use asthma medications more often and for a longer period. School-aged children of people who smoke are more likely to have symptoms such as cough, phlegm, wheeze and breathlessness.
Children of people who smoke have an increased risk of meningococcal disease, which can sometimes cause death or disability. Health risks of passive smoking — partners who have never smoked People who have never smoked who live with people who do smoke are at increased risk Looking 4 a nonsmoker pool partner a range of tobacco-related diseases and other health risks, including: Passive smoking increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. There is consistent evidence that people who do not smoke, who live in a smoky household, have higher risks of coronary heart disease and stroke than those who do not.
There is evidence that passive smoking is associated with lower levels of antioxidant vitamins in the blood. Just 30 minutes of exposure to second-hand smoke can affect how your blood vessels regulate blood flow, to a similar degree to that seen in people who smoke. Long-term exposure to passive smoking may lead to the development of atherosclerosis narrowing of the arteries.
People who do not smoke who suffer long-term exposure to second-hand smoke have a 20 to 30 per cent higher risk of developing lung cancer. There is increasing evidence that passive smoking can increase the risk of nasal sinus cancer, throat cancerlarynx cancer, breast cancerlong- and short-term respiratory symptoms, loss of lung function, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among people who do not smoke.
Passive smoking — a good reason to quit The risks of active smoking are well known. Reducing the risk of passive smoking If you smoke but you are unwilling or unable to stop immediately, there are various ways to help protect the health of the people you live with. Suggestions include: Make your home smoke-free. Limiting your smoking to one or two rooms is not an effective measure — tobacco smoke can easily drift through the rest of the house.
Make sure that visitors to your house smoke their cigarettes outdoors. Make your car smoke-free. The other occupants will still be exposed to tobacco smoke even if the windows are open. In Victoria, it is illegal to smoke in cars carrying people who are under 18 years of age.
Make sure that all people who look after your children provide a smoke-free environment. Secondhand smoke, Quit Victoria. Collins D, Lapsley HThe costs of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug abuse to Australian society in —05Monograph Series no. Secondhand smoke and the health of people around you, Quit Victoria. How tobacco smoke causes disease: the biology and behavioral basis for smoking-attributable disease: a report of the Surgeon General, US Department of Health and Human Services.
Australia's mothers and babies — in brief, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Perinatal statistics series no. Cat no. PER 97, Canberra. Give feedback about this. Was this helpful? Yes No. View all lungs. Related information.Looking 4 a nonsmoker pool partner
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